What is Responsive Web Design and How to use it

Lets discuss in detail, What is responsive web design, how to create a responsive web design.

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How responsive web design works

Now a days ever client wants mobile version of their website which is responsive design. Its because of excessive use of mobile devices. There are different brands of mobiles in market. Like iPhone, Blackberry, Android, iPad, Notebook etc. All of them operate in different resolutions mostly. So, its essential for us to provide good responsive web design for them. Which may work among all of them flawlessly. Because rapid advancement in mobile technology is never going to stop. So, we need solution for it.

Responsive is solution to it. Ever client wants it because of its need. As there are huge number of resolutions for different devices. So, it’s almost impossible to design elements for all of them separately.

So, what is solution to it?

Solution to it is responsive web design. Which may work equally in all those devices or any new upcoming devices accordingly. By changing itself in such a way that user can easily understand elements. Without seeing disturbance in their view.

So, what is Responsive Web Design?

What is responsive web design

Responsive design is basically a design which may respond t user behavior and environment based on user’s screen size, orientation and platform. Like it may adjust itself automatically on all screen resolution to deliver what looks best. Even on rotation of devices like flipping etc. If it does that all well then, it’s a responsive web design.

We can get that by using flexible grids and layouts, images, using CSS intelligently and by using media quires. The purpose to all this is if user switches form devices he shouldn’t get bad design. He should have a perfect design based upon his device. Now a days lot of opensource toolkits available to achieve this. Most famous among them is bootstrap.

The purpose of responsive design is to respond automatically to the user’s performance. As that should fix it automatically for any new device in market based upon its resolution. Today in this article we will discuss some of strategies for beginners which may help them to get a responsive design.

Basically, responsive web design is a collection of techniques and ideas. We can further define them by categorizing important aspects of them.

Fluid Grids in design

Fluid Grid Design

Fluid grids are the first and most important aspect of responsive design. There are two basic layouts in design. One is Fluid Grid while the other is liquid layout. Liquid layout expands with the page and its not too popular. While in fluid it is designed based upon proportions. As when user layout shrinks in different devices. With to all elements get adjusted accordingly related to each other automatically by resizing their width.

Simple formula to gain proportions for each page element is to divide the target element by its context. Fluid grids are very important part for creating a responsive web design. But they doesn’t fix all of our issues. We still need to cover up huge number of issues to create a responsive design for multiple devices. Sometimes fluid designs is not going to work on small design but we can cover that issue in next section of our article.

Media Queries in CSS

Media Queries in Design

Solution to fixing issues which are left after Fluid design is media queries. What media queries are basically they are part of CSS3. Almost all of modern browsers do support CSS3 and its media queries. As browsers get data about visitor and look for our queries in CSS. Then apply that accordingly. If user change its browsers width then browser automatically detects that and look for current resolution query in our CSS and fallback to that.

That’s how media queries basically works. If we move deep into them then simple way to define them in CSS3 is give below:

@media screen and (min-width: size in pixel){
// CSS elements for that size
}

The above given is an example of media query which will apply for min width given in pixels there. Mean it will look for browser width in minimum aspect. As it will apply that query only if minimum size of that browser is greater or equal to size present in that query.

@media screen and (max-width: size in pixel){
// CSS elements for that size
}

Then we have max width query which will do same for max size. Mean it will apply only if browser size is lesser then or equal to size given in that query. Same like that we can perform and define different queries using those media queries which can refine our design in great way. Some of well known sizes which are used for different devices are given below:

The above given sizes are some of famous sizes which are used for media queries. Most of opensource tool-kits like Bootstrap etc use them already. And allow us to use their CSS classes for our ease. By spending some efforts and using above give two basic strategies for responsive web design we can create a great responsive website. You can see responsive design in action by simply resizing your browser and making its width greater and lesser on our site. Or on any famous site.

Conclusion

Once again, I will say responsive web design has great importance now a days. Never miss any part of it as even search engines like Google, Bing look for responsive designs and favor them. So it matters if you have responsive design for your website.

Hope you understood after reading this article as what is responsive web design? And what are simple ways to achieve it. Feel free to ask any questions about it in comments or using contact form.

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